COVID-19 Vaccine Frequently Asked Questions

How does the vaccine work?

  • COVID-19 vaccines help our bodies develop immunity to the virus that causes COVID-19 without us having to get the illness.
  • For more in-depth information visit the CDC’s page about vaccines:

https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/different-vaccines/how-they-work.html

How much will the vaccine cost me?

  • COVID-19 vaccines are available for everyone ages 5 years and older at no cost.
  • Vaccines were paid for with taxpayer dollars and will be given free of charge to all people living in the United States, regardless of insurance or immigration status.

What Vaccine should I get?

  • Three COVID-19 vaccines are authorized or approved for use in the United States to prevent COVID-19 at this time.
  • For more information visit the links below to the CDC pages for each vaccine, with information on the respective vaccines:

Pfizer-BioNTech

Moderna

Johnson & Johnson

Pfizer-BioNTech

Moderna 

Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen

Ages Recommended

5+ years old

Ages Recommended

18+ years old

Ages Recommended

18+ years

Primary Series

2 doses

Given 3 weeks (21 days) apart

Primary Series

2 doses

Given 4 weeks (28 days) apart

Primary Series

1 dose

Booster Dose

  • Everyone ages 18 years and older should get a booster dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (COVID-19 vaccines) 5 months after the last dose in their primary series.
  • Teens 12-17 years old should get a Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine booster 5 months after the last dose in their primary series.
Booster Dose

  • Everyone ages 18 years and older should get a booster dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (COVID-19 vaccines) 5 months after the last dose in their primary series.
Booster Dose

  • Everyone ages 18 years and older should get a booster dose of either Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (mRNA COVID-19 vaccines) at least 2 months after the first dose of J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine.
When Fully Vaccinated

2 weeks after 2nd dose

When Fully Vaccinated

2 weeks after 2nd dose

When Fully Vaccinated

2 weeks after single dose

Do I need a booster?

  • Everyone ages 12 years and older should get a booster shot after they have completed their COVID-19 vaccine primary series.
  • People ages 12 to 17 years old can only get the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 booster shot.
  • People ages 18 years and older should get a booster dose, and either Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (mRNA COVID-19 vaccines) are preferred.
  • Currently, a booster shot is not recommended for children younger than 12 years old.
  • As of March 29, 2022 a second booster shot has been made available for individuals with compromised immune systems or ages 50+. FDA AUTHORIZES 2ND BOOSTER
  • For more information on boosters visit: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/stay-up-to-date.html

Where can I get my vaccine?